What is Landscape ?
The word landscape is a term used in French painting as landscape or landscape. Application areas have spread over time to gardens, residential areas, groves and urban planning. The aim of landscape studies is to provide a beautiful and productive living space for people in urban and rural areas in terms of cultural, economic and aesthetics.
In general, landscape is divided into two as natural and cultural.
Natural Landscape: It is a synthesis formed by natural life and objects that exist spontaneously in nature.
Cultural Landscape: Places created as a result of the displacement and mobilization of the assets or objects in nature with human skill create the cultural landscape.
Cultural landscape types are named according to their use cases. These ;
Rural Landscape: Fruit and vegetable gardens, agricultural areas, floristry businesses, etc. facilities fall into this class. It has a calm and peaceful structure.
Urban Landscape: It is the landscape created by the concrete piles formed as a result of construction in cities together with their surroundings. Gardens that bring people closer to nature, site gardens, sightseeing areas, parks, squares, etc. fields appear.
Industrial Landscape: It is a landscape made to hide the ugly images created by industrial facilities, mines and other industrial spaces and to reduce environmental pollution.
Road Landscape: It is the work done to rearrange the natural landscape that was destroyed while building wide highways.
Forest Landscape: It is the type of landscape that was born as a result of forestry-related activities.
Turstic Landscape: Tourist attractions, holiday villages, sports facilities etc. It is a landscape type made for areas.
Garden: Flower, vegetable, fruit, tree etc. Land areas created for growing plants and covered with walls or fences are called gardens.
How to Arrange a Garden?
First of all, you should prepare a sketch of your garden. The plan should include the width and height of your garden, its distance from the building, and the locations of the buildings and trees in the garden, if any. The areas to be used as grass and concrete should be measured and marked on the sketch.
You should specify details such as canopy and sunshade areas, roads, bad images you want to hide, and the direction you want to see on the sketch.
By making markings and doodles on the sketch, you can realize solutions for details you don’t want to see. For example, if there is a noisy road passing by your garden, you can curtain that part using trees.
The most important issue to be considered in plant selection is to choose large plants towards the garden border and small plants towards your living area.
If there is enough space in your garden, you can also determine a place for walking paths, children’s playground, ornamental pool. If you keep these elements within your view, it allows you to control what comes to your home and your children while playing.
If you plan to set aside an area to grow vegetables, you should make sure that this area is away from your home, close to irrigation sources, and where you can screen it with trees and fences. Less wind and more sun will help you grow better quality crops.
After the garden area is determined and drawn, you can start choosing the materials to be used and calculating how many will be used.
Aesthetic Elements in Garden Design
Proportion: Plants should be proportional to each other and to the garden. Large plants should not be used in a small garden, small in a large garden. Also, using small plants next to a large tree can create contrast and create confusion.
Symmetry: Symmetry is an element that makes people feel safe. You can use symmetrically planted plants or stones equidistant on both sides of a straight walkway.
Visuality: No matter how well the garden arrangement is done, if it does not look nice from the inside of the house, it will be a futile application. While designing the garden, the image should be evaluated visually by looking not only inside the garden but also inside the house.
What are the Types of Garden Designs
Japanese Garden: It has a unique character with the love of nature.
Zen Garden: The garden is a place of meditation for people.
Rock Gardens: These are gardens enriched with the widespread use of natural stones.
Secret Gardens: An aesthetic mixture is used with ornamental plants.
Water Gardens: Waterfall, stream, pool, etc. materials are used.
Classic Gardens: They are created with traditional arrangements.
Winter Gardens: It is preferred to be in touch with plants throughout the year to integrate with the outdoors.
Balcony and Roof Gardens: It is the choice of those who want to be protected from the sun and have a pleasant place.
Minimalist Gardens: Suitable for those who prefer simple and straightforward expressions.
Art Garden: The plants used reveal themselves by integrating with sculpture and painting.