What Are the Products Grown in the Marmara Region?
There are 7 different climates in 7 different regions of our country, where we have many advantages in terms of climate diversity. The Marmara region, on the other hand, has a mixture of Mediterranean and Terrestrial climates due to its location, that is, it experiences both summer and winter. Many plants grow in this region where summers are hot and winters are cold. The vegetation consists of a small group of grasses called steppe and steppe, which blossom with spring rains and dry in early summer.
When we look at the general temperature values in Marmara, the average temperature is 2.8 ° C in the cold winter months, while the average temperature is about 23.9 ° C in the hot summer months. If we look at the annual average temperature, it is known as around 13.2 ° C.
Annual average total precipitation is known to be 559.7mm. Rainfall is generally seen in spring and winter. The known annual average relative humidity is 69.6%. In this climate, which is a kind of transitional climate, the winter season is not very snowy and frost, although the summer season is dry and the spring months are rainy. In addition, many plants grow depending on the climate diversity. These plants have significantly advanced our region in the field of agriculture.
Agricultural Areas of the Marmara Region
The overall collection rate in agriculture Marmara although on the average of Turkey in terms of the other criteria remain below average. More than half of the existing land assets in Marmara are suitable for agriculture and used. 96.46% of the agricultural areas are reserved for field agriculture. The area allocated for vineyard, vegetable and fruit production is below 4%. Turkey in general the rate of the region’s farmland is 4.52%. Vineyards, vegetables and fruit areas in Marmara are more in Tekirdağ, but they are not sufficient. There are a total of 86500 agricultural enterprises throughout Marmara. Turkey proportion of these enterprises is 2.81%. The number of landless enterprises is 1271. Tari count of the sum of the agricultural land in Marmara is around 850,000 ha, Turkey accounts for 4.61% of agriculture.
Agricultural Products Growing in Marmara Climate
If we look at the agricultural products grown in this climate, especially wheat and sunflower agriculture constitute 81.90% of the total agricultural land. 11,82’s% of the wheat production turkey, 80.63% of sunflower breeding of rice production is 56.83% Edirne is produced in Kırklareli and Tekirdağ.
Edirne paddy cultivation area of these products constitutes 51,20’s% of the sowing areas in Turkey. Throughout Marmara, wheat, sunflower, paddy, barley, sugar beet, grain corn, onion production and viniculture are important sources of income. It is grown extensively in the region. Turkey’s wheat According to research, barley and sugar beets remained below the world average yields per unit area. Yield in sunflower, paddy and corn is above the world average.