General Information About Pool Project And Planning
In determining the reinforced concrete section of swimming pools, besides the construction and static requirements, the coating material to be made is also important in terms of hygiene.
Accordingly, the 5% slope between the pool edge and the overflow channel will allow the pool water to overflow smoothly, thus collecting the dirt accumulated on the surface.
Another issue that should be reminded here is that the handle and anti-slip fixing is done by experts and with the help of a level so that the water can overflow equally from all over the pool.
While the pool floor and curtains are poured, all hydraulic connections, discharge manholes, PVC pipes, strainers, underwater lighting fixture buckets and all necessary concrete transition parts should be placed in their places. If cold joints are not left during the concrete pouring phase in terms of waterproofing in swimming pools, if left, water retaining tape etc. should be used in cold joints. After the concrete casting stage, if the surface needs to be smoothed with plaster and screed, the plaster should be prepared with additives, if possible, and its thickness should not exceed 8-15 mm. Larger correction concrete thicknesses may cause ruptures from the concrete surface.
In the Swimming Pool and Ornamental Pools, water is filled into the pool and waited in order to check the water tightness after a suitable water insulation is made on the pool surface and to prevent a possible water loss before the coating material is made. The pool should be full of water for 15 days. However, this period should not be less than a week.
This material shows excellent chemical, physical and mechanical properties with a special production and cooking. It should not be forgotten that a successful application process does not only depend on the quality of the material.
How and by whom the process is made is as important as the quality of the material. After the adhesive is completely dry, the joint gaps between the materials are completely emptied and filled with a flexible, latex or epoxy based semi-elastic joint filling material.
If the pool cleaning process is not done carefully or is done late, it is not possible to clean the residues on the materials. After the pool material laying process is completed, iron cutting and so on.
About Pool Care
Periodic maintenance of swimming pools should be done on time and the pool water should be brought to a healthy environment. Large multi-user swimming pools should be closed to swimmers once a week, and weekly maintenance should be done.
The names of the company or persons undertaking the maintenance of the pool, the type and brands of the chemicals used and similar issues should be included on the special information board to be informed to those who use the swimming pools. In winter, the water of the pools should be left full and winter maintenance chemicals should be used.
Pool Winter Care
It is recommended to keep open pools full in winter, especially in regions where winter conditions are harsh. If we think of the Swimming Pool as a boat in the soil, the boat will be affected by the possible changes in the soil.
Interior coatings of pools built in areas where frost can occur in winter or porcelain pool coating materials with very low water absorption should be used.
In addition, maintenance of the pool throughout the winter requires less material and moral maintenance in preparing the pool for the season.
In open swimming pools, the “frost” that will occur in winter and when the temperature drops below “0” ° C may cause damage to the coating materials.
It is imperative to take some measures to counteract the negative effects of frost:
1- Approximately 30 cm below the pool water surface.
2- Flexible ice pressure pads and anti-frost winter protection tubes are hung on the pool water surface in order to prevent the ice layer that may form on the pool surface. (The number of ice pressure pads is determined depending on the area size of the pool and placed with a special design.)
3-In pools left full, measures should be taken to facilitate spring cleaning and algae formation and lime subsidence should be prevented.
4- Pool water; The pool is sucked from the bottom suction and circulated, then heated to 10-15 ° C and given to the pool. Circulation is done at approximately one quarter of normal operating conditions.
5- After the above four precautions are taken, it can be additionally covered with a tarpaulin over the pool or a cover material such as heat-protected tarpaulin.
Which Pools Should Be Permitted?
The Ministry of Environment and Urbanization has standardized the issue of permission to build a pool with a regulation. According to the published regulation, there is no need to obtain a permit for pools with a depth of less than 1 meter. Since it is one of the pools included in the zoning plans of the house, it is an ornamental pool for these structures.
However, if this pool is closed on all four sides, it is also necessary to obtain permission regardless of the depth. As the pools with a depth of more than 1 meter are out of the scope of the ornamental pool, the necessary permits should be made in consideration of the regulations. However, necessary places should be contacted in order to conclude that there is no contradiction to the development plans.
Where to Get Permission for Having a Pool?
If the desired pool is out of the nature of an ornamental pool and requires a license according to the regulations, the necessary permissions must be obtained. According to the regulations of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, permission and license to build this pool can be obtained from district and central municipalities.
The purpose here is to ensure that the pool is included in the zoning plans, if not available. Any building that is not in the zoning is not an official building. In municipalities, in order to obtain the license for this building, an application must be made to the Department of Environment and Urban Planning, Directorate of Urban Design or the Department of Development and Planning. (The names of the departments change according to the organizational chart of each municipality)
Which Ways Are Followed in Pool Construction Permit?
It is sufficient to apply only to the district municipality to have the pools built. Following the application to the district municipality, changes are made in the development plans, taking into account the reports kept by the technicians authorized by the municipality. After the zoning plan changes are completed, the required license is issued and issued. The important point here is that the pools are built adhering to the plans deemed appropriate by the municipality. Unlike the municipalities, the construction of a pool is considered an illegal structure and brings with it penalties.