10 Basic Features of Earthquake Resistant Houses
When Turkey’s ancient history to withstand earthquake chronology considered, it draws attention to earthquake-resistant houses in many cities quest.
Disasters such as the big Marmara earthquake in 1999 and the Van earthquake, Erzincan earthquake and Hatay earthquakes that followed in the following years have created the desire of people to have their homes solid based on this fear.
Residing in a sturdy structure, always providing a more secure and peaceful life against earthquake hazards that may be encountered in Turkey. It is necessary to pay attention to these details when looking for apartments for rent or for rent.
For this reason, in many cities such as Istanbul, Izmir, Canakkale, Mersin or Duzce, where the earthquake hazard is always on the agenda, there are basic features that make the buildings resistant to earthquakes.
In the cities where earthquake hazard may be constantly experienced, these items are among the features that earthquake-resistant house structures should possess in the first stage.
- For a building to be in an earthquake-resistant position, it must first be protected against moisture and factors that have destructive effects such as water. This process is achieved by providing waterproofing in buildings.
- While examining a house, the fact that it has a solid appearance in its outer structure and the absence of cracks and geometry sections provides the first perception that it is earthquake resistant.
- As well as forming a solid perception in terms of appearance, the building must have a durability report in order to prove its strength.
- The fact that the building projects are professionally prepared with the help of architects and engineers and the projects are applied according to the material preferences and building features also creates earthquake resistance.
Legal Points for Earthquake Resistant Home
It takes place in legal details such as moisture insulation, durability report, robust exterior appearance and project principles for building earthquake resistant houses in buildings. Among these legal details;
- In order to prevent reinforced concrete corrosion during the implementation of the project and to extend the reinforced concrete life of the building, waterproofing is mandatory in many cities with earthquake hazard.
- The damage report should also be prepared, stating whether the building was damaged due to earthquake disasters and different physical events in previous periods. The damage report reveals how the troublesome situations occurred in the building were eliminated and how valid these repairs were.
- While one of the earthquake resistant home features, which is as important as the damage report, is the durability report, this report has a feature prepared by the official authorities. Reinforced concrete samples and structural samples taken from the structure are being tested for durability in order to form a strength report. As a result of these tests, the structures that provide the necessary results are determined as safe living spaces.
- An earthquake protected structure requires a feature that must be created with solid materials during the project design and construction phase. Adequate use of construction materials such as reinforced concrete, steel and iron during construction, and the necessary inspections for this process provide an important detail.
While the damage report, durability report, waterproofing materials, being built in accordance with the project and being robust in appearance are taken into consideration in order for the buildings to show earthquake resistant house properties, the physical properties of the building constitute an important point in these items.
- A building must have been constructed with solid materials in its basic point and exterior details and these materials must be durable even after at least 10 years have passed. For example, on the basis of the structure, there should be no cracks and moistening conditions and no effects such as mold.
- It is also necessary to create heat and fire insulation, such as waterproofing in buildings, and include a fire ladder that can be easily accessed and applied according to technical specifications, and not be over the appropriate age of use.